Why buy an electric car? Many people have already
answered this question for themselves: as a contribution to climate protection,
because of government subsidies, lower running costs and modern technology. But
there are important details that should be considered beforehand.
WHICH ELECTRIC CAR SUITS ME?
It doesn't matter whether it's a combustion engine or an
electric car. First, you should ask yourself the following questions:
WHICH CAR BEST SUITS YOUR PERSONAL LIFESTYLE?
How big should the electric car be? The range of e-cars on offer is very diverse. From small cars to SUVs
and family cars to sports cars. Do I mostly drive alone or should the vehicle regularly
transport the entire family in their leisure time or on vacation? Because,
especially with the e-car, you should keep in mind: The larger and heavier the
vehicle, the more electricity the drive requires. A large vehicle in which you
mostly drive alone is neither economical nor climate-friendly.
Hybrid or all-electric? Aspects to
consider are flexibility and driving distances. Will I drive a lot? Do I drive
long distances? Do I need to recharge the vehicle frequently? With a hybrid
model that has an internal combustion engine, in addition to an electric
motor, you are on the safe side when it comes to refueling. However, it makes a
much smaller contribution to climate protection than a purely electric car.
WHAT DO I HAVE TO BEAR IN MIND ABOUT THE ELECTRIC CAR'S
The battery is the heart of the car and influences the
price of the vehicle. The capacity of the battery must fit the vehicle and the
driving style. Many manufacturers offer models with different battery variants.
If you like to drive far and fast in a big car, you should not choose the
smallest battery. But it also makes no sense to choose a battery with maximum
capacity if you only drive in city traffic in a small car.
This is can be bad for the climate: The battery is the component with the largest CO2
footprint because a lot of energy is used in its manufacture. The general rule
of thumb is 100 kilograms of CO2 per kilowatt hour of battery capacity. So the
larger the battery, the more costly and climate-damaging its production.
The service life of the battery depends decisively on
driving and charging behavior. Information about the condition of the battery
is provided by the so-called State-of-Health value (SoH), i.e. the ratio of the
current maximum usable capacity to the nominal capacity.
Our tip: Ensure that the e-car battery is charged
to between 20 and 80 percent if possible. This protects the battery and extends
its service life.
When it comes to maximum range, don't always rely on the
manufacturer's specifications in the brochure. These are usually
"optimistic" and assume idealized driving behavior. Find out more
about the range of the electric car in real-world operation.
Depending on the capacity of the battery, the weight and
shape of the vehicle, and driving behavior, electric cars can achieve ranges of
over 500 kilometers per charging cycle. To be on the safe side, plan about one
third of the range as a buffer. If you use your electric car for at least 100
kilometers a day, you should choose a vehicle with a range of at least 150
WHERE DO I CHARGE MY ELECTRIC CAR IN EVERYDAY LIFE?
Charging the vehicle via a normal household connection
should be the exception rather than the rule. At the very least, a separate Schuko socket* with its own fuse protection
is required. In addition, charging takes a very long time. It can also overload
the connection and possibly set the cable on fire. An electrician can tell you
whether and how you can technically install a charging station as a wallbox or
charging point on your own house or parking space.
By the way: Electric cars are only really
climate-friendly if they are charged with electricity from renewable sources.
Our tip: Use a charging cable that is as short as
possible. The shorter the cable, the lower the power loss during charging. As a
rule of thumb, the width plus the length of the car equals the minimum cable
length. Also pay attention to the plug of the charging cable. The standard in
Europe is usually the IEC Type 2 variant, which is suitable for the domestic
wallbox and standard public charging stations. Fast charging stations, on the
other hand, have a higher power rating and are often only compatible with
so-called CCS plugs.
SchuKo stands for the designation protective contact. In Europe and internationally.
Schuko sockets are referred to as type F. Protective contact sockets have three
wires and are equipped with a corresponding protective contact that dissipates
BUYING OR LEASING ELECTRIC CARS?
Electric cars are currently still generally more
expensive than comparable vehicles with combustion engines.
So with electric cars, you should consider leasing as an
option. This is because technology is developing rapidly, so that after just a
few years an electric car may no longer be in line with the current state of
the market. This has a negative impact on the resale value. Probably financial
support is also available for leasing in your country.
Be sure to ask your retailer about the delivery time of
the vehicle you want. Currently, it can take up to 12 months before you can be
on the road in your new electric car with low noise and climate protection.
LANXESS MATERIALS IN E-CARS
When it comes to manufacturing vehicle components for
e-cars, manufacturers are increasingly turning to innovative and sustainable
materials. These should be robust, but also lightweight. After all, the less
the vehicle weighs, the lower the power consumption for the drive.
The materials must also offer safety and protection
against fire, due to more electricity in the vehicle, it can generate more
In addition, the production process should have as little
impact on the environment and climate as possible. Recycling and circular
economy are therefore becoming increasingly important.
Lanxess produces various innovative materials for the
automotive industry. The following video provides an overview where these can
be found throughout the vehicle.
Video link: https://vimeo.com/725241068
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