Motor North America and Kenworth Truck Company have announced that they have
proven the capabilities of their jointly designed heavy-duty, Class 8 fuel cell
electric vehicles (FCEVs) as a potential zero-emissions replacement of
diesel-powered trucks with the completion of their operations in the Zero- and
Near-Zero Emissions Freight Facilities (ZANZEFF) “Shore to Store” project at
the Port of Los Angeles, the Los Angeles basin and the Inland Empire.
primary goal for Toyota and Kenworth’s participation in the project was to
nearly match the performance of diesel-powered drayage trucks while eliminating
emissions to provide a sustainable solution in heavy-duty transportation. The
baseline for the Toyota-Kenworth T680 FCEV truck – codenamed “Ocean” – was a
2017 diesel engine operating about 200 miles a day.
T680 FCEV has a range of about 300+ miles when fully loaded to 82,000 lbs.
(GCWR), and with no downtime between shifts for charging and the short 15- to
20-minute fill time, the FCEVs could run multiple shifts a day and cover up to
400 to 500 miles. Kenworth designed and built the Class 8 T680 FCEVs, while
Toyota designed and built the powertrain’s fuel cell electric power system
powered by hydrogen. The Ocean trucks reduced Greenhouse Gases (GHG) by 74.66
metric tons of CO2 per truck annually compared to the baseline diesel engine.
success of the 10 trucks in serving real-world customers was a result of close
collaboration among diverse project members, including Kenworth and Toyota, The
Port of Los Angeles as the project lead, Shell for hydrogen fuel infrastructure
and a grant from the California Air Resource Board (CARB). The program paves
the way for further development and commercial opportunities for
hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric transportation in California and beyond.
Though officially concluding their duties in the Zanzeff “Shore to Store”
project on August 5, 2022, some of the trucks will remain in use as
demonstration or working models, including one that will continue supporting
Toyota operations in the lower LA Basin.
the overall Zanzeff project is anticipated to conclude later this year, the
recently concluded “Shore to Store” project funded under Zanzeff was proposed
with support from Toyota, Kenworth and Shell and funded with a $41 million
grant awarded by Carb. The grant was part of the California Climate
Investments, a California initiative that puts billions of cap-and-trade
dollars to work reducing greenhouse gas emissions, strengthening the economy
and improving public health and the environment. “Shore to Store” provided one of the largest
real-world, proof-of-concept test cases to show the practical application of
hydrogen-powered fuel cell technology at scale in a framework for freight
facilities to structure operations for future goods movement from the “Shore to
the Store” in the world.
10 “Ocean” trucks for this project were operated by customers, including, among
others, Toyota Logistics Services, Total Transportation Services, Inc. and
Southern Counties Express. With the completion of this project, the door is now
open for the technology to be adopted more widely for use in other heavy-duty applications,
including increasing use of heavy-duty trucks in commercial transportation.
Port of Los Angeles is the busiest container port in North America. The
medium-duty and heavy-duty trucks across the state – like those in operation at
the Port – only constitute about 3 percent of total vehicles in California, yet
they are responsible for roughly 23 percent of the state’s on-road Greenhouse
Gas Emissions. The Port of Los Angeles has announced that it hopes to
transition drayage fleets to zero-emission powertrains by 2035 and recently
announced the Clean Truck Fund to help support this transition. The port and
the surrounding region were an ideal location to demonstrate the fuel cell
electric heavy-duty trucks as part of transport operations.
with original equipment manufacturers like Toyota and Kenworth on this
demonstration project is an important step toward bringing next-generation
technologies to market,” said Port of Los Angeles Executive Director Gene
Seroka, adding that, “We’re grateful to CARB for its generous grant to support
this effort and look forward to additional zero emission vehicles operating at
the Port of Los Angeles.”
contributed to the project by building a total of three hydrogen stations (two Zanzeff
and one additional in the operating region), the first public provider in
California to fuel heavy-duty trucks. With the set routes for the trucks’
drayage operations, the stations were regularly used, providing quick refueling
to keep the trucks in operation.
anticipates a great use-case for hydrogen in Commercial Road Transport here in
California and the success of the Zanzeff project has been an important step in
achieving commercialization,” said Wayne Leighty, Shell Hydrogen Mobility,
Commercial Head, North America. “Collaborations across both the private and
public sectors is key to advancing zero-emissions heavy-duty mobility, and we
are grateful to CARB, Port of Los Angeles, and Zanzeff members for their
plans to produce fuel-cell powertrain modules at Toyota Motor Manufacturing
Kentucky from 2023.
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