proposals in the Road Transport and Safety Bill 2014 are revolutionary in every
sense. It has envisaged setting up a
Motor Vehicle Regulation & Road Safety Authority of India. The bill has
mooted a unified Driver Licensing system and even a Unified Vehicle
Registration System. Then there are also norms for recall of vehicles as well
as alteration of vehicles.
is the second detailed news report on the draft bill. On September 13, 2014
Motown India had written briefly about the penalties and other proposals in the
The Road Transport and Safety Bill 2014 has
envisaged setting up a Motor Vehicle Regulation & Road Safety Authority of
India. This will be an independent agency for vehicle regulation and road
safety and will be legally empowered and fully functional agency, accountable
to Parliament. It would be a dedicated institutional setup to save over 200,000
lives in first five years. It will have
an innovative financing mechanism for funding safety programmes.
for regulation of motor vehicles in the country, the bill has sought to promote
innovation and new technology adoption. There will be time-bound vehicle type
approval to promote innovation. There
will be conformity to make spare parts cheaper and provision of lead-time for
Industry to adopt new standards. It will encourage improved vehicle design for
There will be a Unified Driver Licensing
System. To begin with there will be simplified application and issuance
procedures for driver licensing system. Unified biometric system to put in
place to avoid duplication. The bill moots a transparent, single window driver
licencing system and there will be automated driving test for increased
capacity with private sector participation. Technology adoption for driver
testing facilities has been mooted.
National Authority shall develop the roadmap for the Unified Driver Licensing
System within one year of the date of this Act coming into force and shall
implement the said roadmap within two years of this date. The National
Authority shall design a Unified Driver Licensing System in accordance with regulations,
such that it enables the submission of applications for driving licences from
anywhere in the country, either electronically or at any competent authority
for licensing in the country. The system shall facilitate the collection of
uniform standardised information including information authenticating the
identity of the applicant for the driving licence; whether through biometric or
any other equivalent unique identification technology, identified by the
National Authority, and provides for different types of applications for
different types of licences. It will also facilitate the grant of licences in a
transparent, time-bound and efficient manner.
A person authorised to drive a vehicle under this Act shall be assigned
a unique driving licence identifier to their driving licence. All licence
holders who have obtained their licences before the commencement of this Act
shall be required to obtain a driving licence under this Act within a period of
two years from the date of the Unified Driver Licensing System is established.
A person, who wants to renew their driving licence, may apply from anywhere in
India through the Unified Driver License System to any competent authority for
licensing. As for the validity of the driving license, for those driving a
transport vehicle, it will be valid ordinarily for a period of five years. In
the case of the authorisation to drive a transport vehicle carrying goods of
dangerous or hazardous nature, it will be effective for a period of three
years, and its renewal shall be subject to the condition that the driver
undergoes such advanced specialised training programmes, as may be specified by
the National Authority.
the case of any other licence, if the person obtaining the licence has not
attained the age of forty years on the date of issue, the license shall be
valid until the date on which such person attains the age of forty years. In
case he or she has attained the age of forty years on the date of issue or, as
the case may be, renewal thereof, shall be valid until the date on which such
person attains the age of fifty years. In case the applicant has attained the
age of fifty years on the date of issue or, as the case may be, renewal
thereof, shall be valid until the date on which such person attains the age of
sixty years. After sixty of years, the
license will be valid for a period of five years from the date of such issue or
renewal. Moreover, every driving licence of a non-transport vehicle shall, even
if it expires will continue to be effective for a period of sixty days from
The bill seeks to put in place a Unified
Vehicle Registration System. There will be unified registration in a
dynamic information system so that the manufacturer, owner, transport
authority, insurer, enforcement agency are all in one eco-system. It calls for private sector participation in
establishing fitness certification centres.
There is need for an integration of all stakeholders. There will be an
easy (online) transfer of vehicles across states and an increased private
sector participation in fitness testing to create more jobs
National Authority shall develop the roadmap for the Unified Vehicle
Registration System within one year of the date of this Act coming into force
and shall implement the said roadmap within three years of this date. The Unified Vehicle Registration System will
enable the submission of applications for registration from anywhere in the
country, either electronically or at the competent authority for vehicle
registration in the country. It will
also facilitate the collection of uniform standardised information including
information authenticating the identity of the applicant for the vehicle
registration, whether through biometric or any other equivalent unique
identification technology, identified by the National Authority, and provide
for different types of applications for different types of vehicle
With regards to Road Safety & Traffic
Management, the bill has sought provision for enforcement of modern safety
technologies and creation of a motor accident fund for immediate relief to
accident victim. There will be special emphasis on safety of school children
and security of women. Electronic enforcement in urban clusters has been mooted
along with special emphasis for safety of vulnerable road users.
The bill has mooted a National Road
Transport & Multimodal Coordination Authority. This will be a single
national authority for improving quality of road transportation and the focus
would be on developing integrated transport systems & multi-modal hubs.
Feeder system and last mile connectivity for people friendly mobility will be
addressed. There will be an Institutional setup to facilitate ‘Make in India’
vision. Seamless movement of goods and passengers across various modes will be
The bill has sought a Goods Transport &
National Freight Policy wherein simplified permits and single portal
clearances will be put in place. Identification and development of freight
networks will be priority so as to address bottlenecks concerning trucking
industry. This increase in logistics efficiency will reduce inflation and
enable Indian manufacturing to become globally competitive
With regards to offences and penalties,
the bill has put in place a combination of penalty and fines to enforce traffic
rules. There will be strict enforcement for driving under the influence of
drugs and alcohol. Electronic detection and
centralised offences information will help identify repeat-offenders. There
will be a graded penalty point system with enhanced fines that will act as a
deterrent and improve traffic condition by reducing road rage.
With regards to recall of vehicles, the
National Authority shall have the power to order a recall of all the motor
vehicles of a particular model where: (a) a defect in that particular model of
motor vehicle that may cause harm to the driver or occupants of that motor
vehicle or to other road users, or which renders that model non-compliant under
this Act or which renders that model of motor vehicle unusable; or (b) a defect
in a particular model of motor vehicle has been reported to the National
Authority by a hundred or more people and the defect reported may cause harm to
the driver or passengers of that model of motor vehicle or to other road users,
or render that model of motor vehicle noncompliant with the provisions of this
Act or render that model of motor vehicle unusable; or (c) the said model does
not comply with the provisions and standards prescribed under the Act.
manufacturer whose vehicles are subject to an order of recall under may be
obliged to, in accordance with regulations specified by the National Authority:
(a) compensate the buyers for the full value of the motor vehicle subject to
such hire-purchase and lease-hypothecation agreement; or (b) replace or repair
the defective motor vehicle with another motor vehicle of similar or better
specifications which must be fully compliant with the provisions under this
Act; and (c) pay such fines and other dues as may be specified in the regulations.
manufacturer, as soon as it becomes aware of an electrical or mechanical or any
other manufacturing defect in a particular model of motor vehicle, manufactured
by it, that may cause harm to the driver or passengers of that motor vehicle or
to other road users, or which renders that model of motor vehicle non-compliant
under the provisions of this Act, is obliged to inform the National Authority
of the defect and initiate a recall immediately upon becoming aware of such
manufacturer who informs the National Authority of any electrical or mechanical
or any other manufacturing defect in a particular model of motor vehicle,
manufactured by it, that may cause harm to the driver or passengers of that
motor vehicle or to other road users, or which renders that model of motor
vehicle non-compliant under the provisions of this Act or renders that model of
motor vehicle unusable, immediately upon becoming aware, shall not be subject
to paying a fine.
The procedure for recall shall be specified by
regulations made by the Central Government.
Alteration of vehicles: No owner of a
motor vehicle or a trailer or a semi-trailer or mobile machinery shall so alter
the vehicle that the particulars contained in the certificate of registration
change. The Central Government, may by notification, prescribe the permissible
and impermissible alterations to a motor vehicle or a trailer or a semi-trailer
or mobile machinery. The bill clarifies that the changing the colour of the
vehicle shall not be considered as alteration to the motor vehicle or a trailer
or a semi-trailer or mobile machinery. Nor will be an alteration where the
owner makes modifications to part or whole of the engine of a vehicle to
facilitate its operation by alternative vehicle fuel or sources of energy, by
fitment of a conversion kit, or modification. But then such fitment or
modification shall be carried out subject to such conditions as may be
specified by the National Authority.
vehicle owner may change engine or chassis of vehicle if procured from same
manufacturer or from a manufacturer having a certificate of conformity for such
engine or chassis of vehicle subject to such conditions as may be specified by
the National Authority.
the colour of the vehicle has been changed or any alteration has been made by
replacement of its engine or chassis, the owner of the vehicle shall, within
fourteen days of the making of the alteration, report and update the alteration
in the unified vehicle registration system with the specified fee in order that
particulars of registration may be updated.
for vehicles unfit for use, as a result of the vehicle being destroyed or has
been rendered permanently incapable of use, the owner shall, within thirty
days, report and update the fact in the unified vehicle registration system and
shall forward to the competent registering authority the certificate of
registration of the vehicle. The vehicle will then have to be disposed or
recycled in such manner as may be specified by the National Authority. The National
Authority shall make rules prescribing the responsibilities and liabilities of
motor vehicle or trailer or semi-trailer or mobile machinery manufacturers for
the scrapping and recycling of a motor vehicle or a trailer that has been
destroyed or has been rendered permanently incapable of use.
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