The good news is that Mahindra & Mahindra is ready
with its BS VI engines across its entire diesel and gasoline portfolio. The
entire transition will be costing the company upwards of Rs 1000 crore.
its portfolio of new gasoline engines, the company has already got a stamp of
approval from both Ford and SsangYong wherein they want to use Mahindra’s new
petrol engines in their vehicles.
1.2 turbo MPFI,Inline, 3 cylinder, all aluminium engine which produces around 110hp
and 190-200Nm and which is already in the XUV 300 will be BS VI ready in
another 3 to 4 months. This engine will be used by Ford next year for its platforms.
Turbo GDI, Inline 3 cylinder engine producing 130hp and 230Nm of peak torque is
available in both Euro 6 and BS VI version. This will go into the SSangYong
platform early next year. The engine uses a 250 bar system.
However, the company is not taking the 1.2
litre diesel engine that powers the KUV 100 to the BS VI level. The cost increase will not be justified in
this segment, it stated.
& Mahindra converts challenges to opportunities
It took European auto companies 10 years and nine
months to move from Euro 4 to Euro 5 and eventually to Euro 6 emission norms.
This was between January 2005 and September 2015. On the other hand, Indian
auto companies that adopted BS or Bharat Stage IV norms pan-India in April
2017, have got 3 years to hop skip and jump to BS VI levels. They will be
skipping BS V norms and will have to be ready with their BS VI vehicle on April
That’s a huge challenge. But surprisingly Mahindra
& Mahindra has smartly chiseled away the several challenges into a
multitude of opportunities. In a ‘Knowledge Sharing Session’ on “Demystifying BSVI”, Dr. Pawan
Goenka, Managing Director &. Rajan Wadhera, President –Automotive Sector,
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. along with
their team told journalists that not only is M&M ready with their
entire diesel portfolio but they have also developed a series of gasoline
engines, all of which meet BS VI norms and do not compromise on fuel
efficiency, power, driveability or fun of driving.
what does the M&M armada consists of? For diesel that includes 8 engines,
16 platforms and 38 variants. All of these are now BS VI compliant. As for gasoline,
the company is ready with 8 engines, 8 platforms and 12 variants.
It took the company more than Rs 1000 crore of
investment, fine tuning more than 2000 parts for both diesel and gasoline
engines, new test beds and equipment at the Mahindra Research Valley in Chennai
and not to forget the efforts of M&M’s huge force of engineers, their
consultants from Bosch, AVL and Delphi and key suppliers like Magneti Mareli,
Garret, Valeo, Delphi-TVS, Tenneco, among others.
more than 76 Mahindra vehicles are running
across the country for all kinds of validation. Goenka said that one of the
challenges was to develop a portfolio of petrol engines which are
globally competitive. Given that we did
not have petrol engines at that time, we probably had an advantage that the
petrol engines we would launch would be the latest technology petrol engines,
are ready on time and we see no technical risk of getting BS VI vehicles in the
market from April 1, 2020. We are ready because we got an early start, and we
worked with key suppliers and consultants, he added.
company added state of the art facilities at Mahindra Research Valley. “We probably have as good engine development
facility as you would find anywhere in the world. We have also filed for 30+
patents in the process”, informed Goenka.
said that the challenge before the company is not as much about being ready but
in managing the transition flawlessly. Just imagine that we have to ramp up and
ramp down 100pc volume of our automotive business in a short span of two to
three months. That’s a humungous challenge for suppliers and for our plants
also. The second challenge will be the demand for the new products.
Need to ramp up BS VI models
may be recalled that the Supreme Court has ruled that the last day of selling BS
IV vehicles in the country is March 31, 2020. Said Goenka, “Overnight we cannot
switch from BS IV to BS VI. That’s not possible. We have to start selling from
sometime January or February 2020”. He stated BS VI fuel needs to be available
pan India. In a BS VI vehicle you cannot put BS IV fuel. It will immediately choke. The system will practically stop
functioning. So in order to sell a
single vehicle of BS VI, BS VI fuel will have to be available. Fuel has to be available from Jan1, 2020.
company also has to inform its suppliers around October or November 2019 as to how many BS IV vehicles
will be made. Whatever is not sold by March 31, 2020, it becomes scrap. So by
latest mid November 2019 we have to tell how may BS IV vehicles are going to be
made. We have to begun ramping up BS VI models. Any last minute change will be
disastrous, warned Goenka. By early October, 2019 the Petroleum Ministry has to
give us a firm timeline on the availability of BS VI fuel, he clarified.
these new BS VI vehicles be a lot more expensive than what is today? “There
will be some sticker shock. It is there
everywhere in the world, more so because of the two step jump. Customers are by
and large prepared for it. My guess is that for above 4 metre, a number below a
lakh (Rs), smaller vehicle Rs 80,000. Petrol around Rs 20-25,000. But if they
go into TGDI, then it becomes diesel kind,” he gave his personal view on it.
back to the several technological tasks that M&M not only took up and
successfully accomplished, it was in essence all about reducing NOx,
particulate matter, hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide. That meant a lot of
changes had to be made at the engine level as well as exhaust level.
right use of Lean NOx Trap (LNT) technology
and the Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology had to be adopted for
the engines. The Engine control Unit or the Engine Control Module had to be
spruced up big time because of the presence of the several sensors. As for
ensuring the right NVH levels, fuel
efficiency, driveability, the company had to look at every friction part that
was rotating or moving so that they could reduce the friction and get the
benefit. They worked on the turbocharger, on the fuel injection system, the
exhaust system, on the exhaust gas
recirculation system, touched every
rotating and moving part and in the process got a 30pc friction reduction out
of the system which got the company an increased fuel efficiency for their
cost was always a challenge. So while a typical European model incurred an X
cost in its transition from Euro 4 to Euro 6, the company fixed an internal
target of of .6X. it managed to get a 0.5x cost increase only, which was quite
their marathon efforts, all current M&M engines which are currently in
production are getting upgraded to BS VI.
In the gasoline portfolio, a 4 cylinder turbo GDI engine, producing 163hp
and 280Nm of peak torque will find application in C segment cars. This engine
is co developed with SangYong. It is a global engine in terms of technology and
next year year there will be a new gasoline engine which will enhance Mahindra’s
reputation in gasoline engines in future. But there has been a fallout too of
this transition. Goenka informed that
the company is not taking the 1.2 litre diesel engine that powers the KUV 100
to the BS VI level. The cost increase
will not be justified in this segment, he said.
also informed that the company has stopped the Jeeto van as it had to be
equipped with airbag and ABS as per norms, which was simply not affordable for
that M&M has done its homework so perfectly, we will have to see how the
new Modi government gets its act together to make sure BS VI fuel is available
pan India by the end of this year at least.
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